Some helpful commands used in command prompt

In Windows operating systems, the Command Prompt is a program that is used to execute entered commands and perform advanced administrative functions.

Some helpful commands are listed below:

1. ASSOC: Fix File Associations

This command helps in listings all files extension that runs in the computer. Using this we can also find the files which are corrupted.

Syntax: >assoc

2. FC: File Compare

The FC command compares either the given fiels is an ascii or a binary file and will list all of the differences that it finds.

Syntax: Fc /a filename1 filename2

This will compare two ascii files.

Syntax: Fc /b Picture1.jpg Picture2.jpg

This will do a binary compare on two images.

3.IPCONFIG: IP Configuration

This command helps to find the ip address.

Syntax: IPconfig

4.NETSTAT: Network Statistics

This command helps in listing connections which are established such as TCP and UDP ports.


5.PING: Send Test Packets

This command helps while troubleshooting LAN connectivity issues.

Syntax: ping or ping ipaddress(171.24….)

6. TRACERT: Trace Route

This command helps in finding the foot print of routing hops.

Syntax: tracert

7. SHUTDOWN: Turn Off Computer

This command helps to shutdown the system.

Syntax: shutdown /i (remote system shutdown)
                shutdown /s (current system shutdown)

8. SYSTEMINFO: System Information

This command helpf to view the hardware information of the system.


9. SFC: System File Checker

This command helpf to check operating system file integrity.

Syntax: SFC /scan

other useful commands of SFC are listed below:

/VERIFYONLY: Check the integrity but don’t repair the files.
/SCANFILE: Scan the integrity of specific files and fix if corrupted.
/VERIFYFILE: Verify the integrity of specific files but don’t repair them.
/OFFBOOTDIR: Use this to do repairs on an offline boot directory.
/OFFWINDIR: Use this to do repairs on an offline Windows directory.
/OFFLOGFILE: Specify a path to save a log file with scan results.

10. NET USE: Map drives

If you have a share folder on a computer on your network called \\OTHER-COMPUTER\SHARE\, you can map this as your own Z: drive by typing the command:

Syntax: Net use Z: “\\OTHER-COMPUTER\SHARE” /persistent:yes


11. CHKDSK: Check Disk

This command helps in fixing logical error.

Syntax: chkdsk c: /f /r /x

12. SCHTASKS: Schedule Tasks

This command helps to schedule a task for a specific time. This is basically used for script writing or installation.

Syntax: schtasks /Create /SC HOURLY /MO 12 /TR Example /TN c:\temp\sample.bat

13. ATTRIB: Change File Attributes

This command helps in finding the status of the file and drive.

Syntax: attrib

14. COLOR: Change the background color

This command helps to change the background color of the command prompt window.

Syntax: color 3f

Color attributes are specified by TWO hex digits — the first
corresponds to the background; the second the foreground. Each digit
can be any of the following values:

0 = Black 8 = Gray
1 = Blue 9 = Light Blue
2 = Green A = Light Green
3 = Aqua B = Light Aqua
4 = Red C = Light Red
5 = Purple D = Light Purple
6 = Yellow E = Light Yellow
7 = White F = Bright White

15. ROBOCOPY: A powerful file copy utility built right into Windows.

This command helps CLI based file transfer.

Syntax: ROBOCOPY sourcepath destinationpath

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